Monday, 07 January 2013 10:13

Aquatic Therapy for a Child with Type III Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A Case Report.

Written by Aqua4Balance

 aquatic therapy child

Aquatic Therapy as a Modality for Children with Neuromuscular Disorders 

Aquatic therapy for a child with type III spinal muscular atrophy: a case report.

by Salem Y, Gropack SJ., Division of Physical Therapy, Long Island University, Brooklyn Campus, Brooklyn, New York, USA., Nov 2010


Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by degeneration of alpha motor neurons.

This case report describes an aquatic therapy program and the outcomes for a 3-year-old girl with type III SMA.

Motor skills were examined using the 88-item Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS-2), and the GAITRite system.

The child received aquatic therapy twice per week for 45-min sessions, for 14 weeks. The intervention included aquatic activities designed to improve gross motor skills and age-appropriate functional mobility.

The GMFM total score improved by 11% following the intervention.

The Standing Dimension score improved by 28% and the Walking, Running, and Jumping Dimension score improved by 18%.

The gross motor quotient for the PDMS-2 improved from 66 to 74.

The child's gait showed improvement in walking velocity, stride length, and single-limb support time as a percentage of the gait cycle.

The outcomes of this case report demonstrate the successful improvement of gross motor function and gait in a 3-year-old child with SMA.

This study provides clinical information for therapists utilizing aquatic therapy as a modality for children with neuromuscular disorders.

PMID:20868338  [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

(Hat tip to Hanni SEM and Aqua4Balance)

Read 1190 times Last modified on Monday, 07 January 2013 10:28

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